The case of the airline rescue Extra Extremely by the Sociedad Estatal de Participaciones Industriales (SEPI), a public entity depending on the Ministry of Finance, clearly concentrates the ills of our public sector. It’s, as is understood, an airline that has introduced losses since its structure in 2011 and that in 2019 operated 0.03% of flights in Spain and that, nonetheless, has obtained help of 53 million euros (after having tried unsuccessfully to acquire ICO loans, additionally public, however managed by personal banks).
Certainly, the Royal Decree-Regulation of July 3, on pressing measures to help financial reactivation and employment, creates a brand new fund managed by the State Society of Industrial Participations of 10,000 million euros to present momentary monetary help to non-financial, strategic and solvent corporations which were significantly affected by COVID-19 and that they request it. Specifically, its article 2.2 signifies, relating to the necessities, that it’s a query of offering help “to non-financial corporations which can be experiencing extreme momentary difficulties because of the COVID-19 pandemic and which can be thought-about strategic for the nationwide or regional productive cloth, amongst different causes, as a result of its delicate social and financial affect, its relevance for security, folks’s well being, infrastructures, communications or its contribution to the right functioning of markets ”.
It doesn’t truthfully seem that the airline in query objectively met these situations. The purpose is that in all probability somebody from the political sphere understood that, for political causes, it was handy to grant the requested assist. And this resolution was later endorsed with formalities and reviews corresponding, this being a reasonably frequent approach of functioning in our public sector, the place the opacity and clientelism political are, sadly, very frequent. As of as we speak these reviews (of which the decisive one is seemingly that of the Ministry of Public Works for causes of competence) they haven’t been made publicthat we all know of.
However maybe we also needs to take a look at the foundation reason behind all these manifestly unprofessional choices. The last word cause is politicization of our public sector. The choice to bail out has been taken, in accordance with the provisions of the Royal Decree-Regulation of July 2, by the Administration Board of the Fund, to help the solvency of strategic corporations. On the head of this physique (made up of senior positions, all of whom are politically appointed) is the Vice President of SEPI, Bartolomé Lora, because the Presidency of SEPI has been vacant since October 2019. Each the President and Vice President of SEPI They’re positions of political belief, appointed by decree of the Council of Ministers on the proposal of the Minister of Finance.
What occurs on this case is that the earlier particular person in cost and particular person of confidence of the Minister of Finance needed to resign in October 2019 as he was being investigated by the Seville Provincial Court docket for the Aznalcollar case, with out – even if he had been saving the publish– it appears attainable to “get him again”, provided that he has been prosecuted in stated investigation. The truth that his substitute has not but been appointed as a result of, apparently, “the suitable particular person will not be discovered” provides an concept of the prevailing political tradition in our public sector. Possibly one Public tender might clear up this downside with ample solvency; however clearly the Authorities and the Minister of Finance don’t consider appointing somebody by way of an open process that respects the rules of advantage and talent as is completed in different neighboring international locations.
Certainly, the appointment of the president of SEPI (like that of all the highest managers of the general public sector, then again) it’s primarily based on political belief and never on different deserves. There aren’t any open and clear calls or procedures, and far much less concurrence of candidates. For that reason, all public corporations are additionally topic to a continuing turnover that is determined by the electoral cycles (and even adjustments of presidency throughout the similar cycle) and to not skilled causes linked to the higher or worse efficiency of the place, the outcomes obtained or the achievement of the strategic targets (if any) of the general public entities . It’s one thing that the Basis has nicely recognized within the “Study on meritocracy in the appointment of the highest officials of the state public sector and independent authorities” -or, as we wish to name it, our “dedometer” -. As you may see, she is an unprofessional mannequin, not very clear and extremely politicized. Maybe this is likely one of the causes that specify such little justifiable choices from the viewpoint of common pursuits such because the rescue of the airline Plus Extremely.